Tools That Every Homeowner Should Have
Flashlight: None of the tools you own will be helpful if you can not visually inspect the situation. The problem – and the solution – are similar only with a good flashlight. A traditional two-battery flashlight is usually sufficient because large flashlights can be too heavy. Of course, having backups at home (as well as in all your vehicles) is a must for emergency situations.
Measuring tape: Measuring home projects requires a tape measure – not a rule or a stallion. The tape measures come in many lengths, although one that is at least 25 feet is the best. Measure at least twice to ensure accuracy, regardless of the project.
Hacksaw: A hacksaw is useful for cutting metal objects, such as pipes, bolts and supports. Hacksaws seem thin and fragile, but they can easily cut even the toughest metals. The blades are replaceable, so focus your purchase on a quality hacksaw frame. Use a stable surface for cutting, and be careful because a hacksaw wound can be painful and deep.
Torpedo Level: Only a level can be used to determine if something, such as a shelf, camera, or image, is properly oriented. The torpedo style level is unique because it shows not only when an object is perfectly horizontal and vertical, but it also has a gauge that shows when an object is at a 45 degree angle. The bubble in the viewfinder must be exactly in the middle, and not just close.
Safety Glasses: For all tasks involving a hammer, saw or power tool, you should always wear safety glasses or goggles. They should also be worn while you mix chemicals, install insulation and carry out major renovation projects involving building materials such as drywall, because anything that can be done is difficult. flying can cause irritation or injury.
Home Fire Safety
The National Fire Protection Association Fire Prevention Program promotes the following eight tips that people of all ages and abilities can use to protect their family members, especially under the threat of a fire house.
Plan and practice your escape from fire
We have already heard this advice before, but you may not be ready to act in case of emergency if you do not have a plan and that all the world knows this plan. Panic and fear can spread as quickly as a fire, so trace an escape route and a meeting place on the outside, and involve even the youngest members of the family for that everyone can work safely. If you live in a condo or apartment building, be sure to read the signs posted on your floor to advise you of the location of the stairs and other exits, as well as alarm stations. and fire extinguishers.
Plan Your Escape Around Your Abilities
Keeping a phone next to your bed will allow you to quickly call 911, especially if the results of your house are blocked by smoke or flames. Keep a pair of shoes near your bed, too. If your house or building has an emergency exit, take the time to train and climb it.
Smoke Alarms Save Lives
If you do not already have fixed smoke detectors installed in your electrical system and located outside each room and on each floor, purchase units and place -to these places. Install them with the help of adhesive or screws, but be careful not to touch your screwdriver to internal wiring. This can cause electrostatic discharge and disable them. In addition, install carbon monoxide detectors as they can protect family members from deadly poisoning even before a fire breaks out.
Give Space to Radiators
Whether you save on utility bills by using the furnace infrequently, or when using these portable devices for spot heating, make sure to give them at least 3 feet of clearance. Be sure to turn them off and unplug them when you leave or go to bed. Electrical appliances consume power even when they are turned off, and a defective unit can cause a fire that can spread through the wires in the walls at a deadly rate.
If You Smoke, Smoke Out
Not only will this keep your family members healthy and your home will be cooler, but it will reduce the chance that a wandering particle of your car/">cigarette will go unnoticed up to # It causes damage.
Be wise in the kitchen
This means watching what you have on the stove and what's going on in the oven. Do not cook if you are tired or taking drugs that obscure your judgment or make you sleepy. Being wise in the kitchen, it is also wearing clothes that will not easily hang on the handles of pots and pans, or that will burn naked flames or heating elements. It also means knowing how to extinguish a grease fire: the water will make it spill out, but salt or baking soda will quickly extinguish it (just as it will cover the pot or pan with a lid and turn off the stove). Always use the fan of your worktop while cooking. Also, keep a small versatile fire extinguisher in a convenient place such as under the sink. These 3-pound rescuers are rated "ABC" for their firewall content. Read the instructions on these inexpensive devices when you bring them home from the store so you can act quickly, if necessary.
Stop, Drop and Roll
Fight the urge to panic and run if your clothes catch on fire, as this will only accelerate its spread. It is effective to shoot the fire while driving, especially as your clothing may be on fire on your back or lower body, where you may not be immediately aware of it. If floor space is limited, cover yourself with a blanket to tamp down the flames and water yourself as soon as you can. Also, always stay close to the ground during a fire; Heat and smoke rise, and the breathable air is usually at ground level, giving you a greater chance of escaping before being overcome by smoke and toxic fumes.
Protect your family by following these simple tips!
Electrical Panel Security
All homeowners should know where their electrical panel is. When you open the door, you should find labeled breakers that match the different rooms or areas of the house. Circuit breakers sometimes trip due to a power surge or a power outage, and the homeowner can press the switch to reactivate the current in the room or area in question. Behind the circuit breakers is the dead front, and it is this electrical component that must be removed only by a qualified electrician or inspector.
Before touching the electrical panel to reset a circuit breaker, ask yourself the following questions:
Do I have an escape route? Make sure you know where you can turn or walk safely if you need to escape a dangerous surprise, such as a bee or a spark. A shovel or extension, for example, can cause a dangerous fall.
Is the soil wet? Never touch electrical equipment when standing on a wet surface!
Does the sign appear to be wet? Check over the water that drip may have condensed on a cold water hose.
Is the sign rusty? Rust is an indication of previous wet conditions that may still exist.
Are there burn marks on the panel door? This may indicate a past or very recent arc, and further investigation should be reported to a licensed electrician.
Below is a list of defective conditions that an owner can see that can be called during an electrical inspection:
Insufficient space. According to the 2008 National Electrical Code, most residential electrical panels require at least a 3-foot work or clearance space at the front, 30 inches wide and a minimum clear height of 6 feet, or the height equipment.
Pan head screw. The housing cover screws should be dull not to pierce the wires inside the box.
Circuit breakers that are not properly sized
Oxidation or corrosion of one of the rooms. Oxidized or corroded wires increase the resistance of the conductors and create a risk of electric shock.
Rodent Damage It is known that rodents chew through the wire insulation of electrical panels (and other areas), which creates a dangerous situation. The rodents were electrocuted this way, leaving an unsightly mess inside the panel.
Evidence of electrical failures, such as burnt or overheated components
Evidence of water entry inside the electrical panel Moisture can corrode breakers so that & # 39; They do not fire, make connections less reliable and equipment dangerous.
A panel manufactured by Zinsco or Federal Pacific Electric (FPE) These panels have a reputation for being problematic, and further evaluation by a qualified electrician is recommended.
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